Salt Chlorine Generator Service West Palm Beach
A Salt Chlorine Generator is a way to keep your chemicals balanced while using less chlorine. It's more cost upfront but saves money over time. You're not dumping as much chlorine in the pool.
It takes less time to balance the chemicals with this type of system, and it's easier to maintain the balance. The chlorine is released automatically and in small steady amounts.
Salt chlorine generators have two main components, the cell and control board. The cell is made of ruthenium or iridium coated solid titanium plates. These metals are then charged by the control board and as the water passes through, the salt is converted to chlorine by a process called electrolysis. The amount of chlorine in the pool is controlled by the amount of electricity sent from the control board.
Salt chlorine generators use both dissolved salt (NaCl) and chlorine (Cl2) to clean your pool. As the salt is passed through an electric current, it then creates Chlorine gas, hydrogen gas (h2), and sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The dissolved salt is converted to hypochlorous acid (HClO). This acid is that sanitizes the water. It reverts back to salt, then the process begins again.
There are three types of systems, inline, immersion, and brine. Most units produce chlorine, only when the circulation system is running, that’s inline. It’s installed in the circulation return line. Pool grade salt is used, however only in small concentrations of 3,000-5,000 parts per million. Ocean water is 31,000-38,000 ppm. To give you another idea of salinity, 3,000 ppm and below is considered freshwater. If the salinity is too high, it can cause corrosion, and leave a residue on the skin after being in the pool. Too little salt can make the system less efficient, and shorten its lifespan.
Another type of system is immersion, this unit constantly produces chlorine, even when recirculation isn’t running. This disadvantage is that chlorine concentrations are higher near the immersion system. The bring system uses two chambered holding tanks, and dissolves the salt automatically. This way, you’re not having to pre-dissolve the salt by adding it to the pool manually.
No matter the type of system used, salt chlorine generators (also called electrolytic chlorine generators or EGC), use significantly less chlorine. This makes the pool easier on the skin and hair of people who may be chlorine sensitive (and eliminates the risk of green hair in some people with blonde hair).
The generators can have scaling due to the high Ph on the plates. This can happen with normal use. Usually, the scale is calcium carbonate. You can perform and acid cleaning, rinse the plates with a house, use antiscalants, or reverse polarity if your system has that option. Both acid cleaning and reversing polarity can wear the coating on the plates.
The only real disadvantage to using this type is system is the risk of corrosion. If the salinity gets to 6,000 ppm, it can be corrosive to pool equipment, including liners, handrails, in pool lights, or the pool deck itself. As a result, it’s best to keep the salinity to 2,700-3,900. The chlorinator should be cleaned every 6 months or so, depending on use. During storms with lightning, the system should be shut off to protect the control board from power surges. Calcium levels and Ph levels should be kept the low side, to prevent scale, and achieve optimum sanitization. Systems generally last 3-7 years. That varies widely depending on environmental factors, and too frequent or improper cleaning.